Remembering Vera Mérei (Mrs. Fehér Kovács, Zsuzsanna – Lõrik, József)
NEWS AND INFORMATION
Gereben, Katalin Special Education in a Changing World
Social changes influence all levels of personal and community life. Enhancing equal opportunities for those living with special needs and disabilities in the field of special education is facing a critical situation because of the changes taking place in traditional services and competencies. An recognizable identity crisis in special education exists on national just as on international levels. Determinating roles are played by the influence of the state via inclusion, the problems of mainstream education contra segregation, minority problems concerning Romany society and its relation to special education just as the increasing number of those having learning difficulties. The results rooted in traditional Hungarian special education, the consideration of the influence of social changes and its consequences on general education, the development of special education science, the connections with the civil society all can effectively support inclusion of children, youth and adults with disabilities into society and at the same time solve the identity crises of special education.
Balázs, Boglárka The Effect of Environmental Pollution on Phonation
The development of science and technology permeation of civilisation made human life easier from numerous aspects, but unfortunately at the same time caused several health impairments. Nowadays we face several illness groups, which were unknown during previous centuries. Psychosomatic diseases, and noise injury belong to this group not to mention the more frequently occur new illness groups as allergic diseases and diseases with tumours. Quality of life is seriously negatively influenced by other determinants of our everyday life, changes in living conditions and by the air and water pollution.
Air is ill
In 2006 among 29 Hungarian cities only 4 could suit to the European Union regulation specifying that a city might only 25 times per year over dose the health limitation of air pollution. We cannot name any minimum concentration of dust in the air, which should not cause health lesion. Dust with grain smaller than 2,5 micrometer is the most harmful. This grain is created by the dust is further grained by the rotating parts of the vehicles on the roads. There are more death caused by air pollution yearly than by traffic accidents evaluates the European Environmental Safety Agency. Noxious materials harmful for the speech organ get into the body by food and inhalation of air and through contact with the skin. Some of them are constituent compounds of cleaning materials and disinfectants themselves.
Diseases of speech organs
Noisy environment is harmful o the speech and speech perception. Continuous laud speech is influencing speech behaviour and can cause “walkman syndrome".
It is evident the development of civilization along with its positive influence is causing health impairment as well. Now that we know the provoking causes it is a moral obligation to decrees environmental hazards as much as possible.
Mária, Gósy – Viktória, Horváth
Double Deficit: Speech Process of Pupils with Speech Disorders
Speech production and speech perception development show surface dissociation in children with severe articulation deficits. The question arises whether children with severe speech defects show also deficits in processing the verbal messages. The goal of this study was to analyse the speech perception and comprehension abilities of schoolchildren with long-standing histories of severe speech defect. Clinically diagnosed 7-, 8- and 9-year-old Hungarian-speaking speech-impaired children participated in one of the experimental groups while age-matched peers whitout any speech defect made up the control group. Data from 10 perception tasks were analysed using the GMP standardized diagnostic procedure. Results revealed that (i) the speech-impaired schoolchildren show significantly poorer performance in almost all perception processes than those of the control children on the one hand, and (ii) there is practically no development across ages in speech-impaired children, on the other hand.
The Role of Speech Perception in Writing and Spelling Skills
The successful speech perception, particularly the phonological, serial, and transformational perception as well as sound-differenciation play an important role in the acquisition of reading ang writing. The aim of the present study was to define which speech percepction disorders result in difficulties in the children’s writing processes. Eight tests of the standardized Hungarian GMP test package were used in the experiments, with the participation of 127 Hungarian children (aged between 7 and 10). The results supported the need to devote more attention to perceptual processes in teaching of writing and spelling.
Mrs. Farkas Gönczi, Rita Dyscalculia from the Aspect of Special Education and its Border-line Disciplines (Presentation held on the XXXVI National Conference of the Hungarian Special Education Teachers on 27th June 2008.)
In the process of change of the terminology of dyscalculia main role is played by disciplines such as neurology, psychology, pedagogy and special education. According to our recent knowledge dyscalculia in a narrow meaning must have a neurological background. Based on the definition of Gordon who distinguished dyscalculia into pseudo-dyscalculia and real dyscalculia, all other cases are pseudo-dyscalculia.
Summarizing the newest results of neurology, psychology, pedagogy and special education can be defined as: congenital or acquired, caused by neurological structural or functional impairment of mathematic achievement while intelligence is average levelled. Appearance of form, seriousness and range of dyscalculia is profoundly influenced by the milieu, but it has no causality in any means (e.g. family customs, intervention methods) (F. Gönczi, 2007). Neurological dysfunctions are causing psychological dysfunctions showing symptoms of week mathematic achievement.
We can talk about difficulty in learning mathematics, which is resulting in low achievement in mathematics or learning disorder in mathematic, which is resulting in disorder in the achievement of mathematics, later is dyscalculia in the narrow meaning (F. Gönczi, 2007).
The definition presented here is following the 2007 modification of the Educaton Act 1993, which categorizes the phenomenon by the present or not present organic causes of the permanent and serious disorder of the development of the cognitive functions or the behaviour.
At the beginning of 2007 under the leadership of Zsuzsa Mesterházi I made a survey of the literature, used questionnaire and interview I found that international resources already use a common base the (ICIDH) while Hungarian professionals are still relaying on the terminology used in the Hungarian special education literature. On international level professionals are using different sources and diverse assessment tools while Hungarians are in the majority refer to Judit Dékány. Both internationally and nationally professionals use a wide range of correction methods, tools.
As a result of the investigation and analysis of the author it is recommended to use the definition in the narrow meaning relaying on the neurological and or psychological symptoms and as such leading to a more homogeneous and clear diagnostic system.