2012
2012/2

tartalom:

Table of Contents & Abstracts

PREFACE
  • Mrs. Gereben, Ferencné – Rosta, Katalin – Kajáry, Ildikó: 40th Anniversary of Hungarian Association of Special Education
ORIGINAL PUBLICATIONS
  • Bertalan, Regina: Problems for Logopedics in Assessment of Developmental Language Disorders
  • Horváth Viktória – Gósy Mária: The Effect of Birth Risk Factor on Language Acquisition
  • Györkő, Enikő – Lábadi, Beatrix – Beke, Anna: Development of Spatial Language in High Risk Preterm Children
  • Balázs, Boglárka: The Organic Phonation and Speech Disorders That Can Be Cured with Voice Therapy Too
  • Fábián, Zsuzsanna: Of Language with Creating Function. The Evolution of Verbal Communication Ability and Its Behavioral Effect
  • Rácz, Katalin – F. Földi, Rita – Barthel, Betty: The Connection Between The Speach- and Motion Developement
  • Gombkötő, Andrea – Fehér, Ildikó – Gifló, Péter – Kovács, Zsuzsanna – Perjés, Beatrix – Simó, Judit – Vályi, Réka – Szauer, Csilla: Improving the Quality of Life of Persons with ASD with the Implementation of the National Strategy on Autism
  • Köböl, Erika – Topál, József: Work or Play? The Role of Therapy Dogs in the Therapeutic Intervention for Children with Learning Disabilities
  • Papp, Gabriella – Perlusz, Andrea – Schiffer, Csilla – Szekeres, Ágota – Takács, István: Two Roads Ahead of Me…? – Cooperation and Competition for the Education of Special Needs Students between Special Education and General Education Classrooms
FROM WORKSHOPS OF PRACTICE
  • Mrs. Sáringer Szilárd, Zsuzsanna: The Effects of Wii-exergaming on the Development of People with Intellectual Disabilities
BOOKS AND NOVELTY
  • Bass, László (ed.): "What we know and what we do not… – The State of People with Intellectual Disabilities" (Gróz, Andrea)
  • Speck, Otto: Inclusion in School in an Aspect of Special Education – Rhetoric and Reality (Csányi, Yvonne)
  • Attwood, Tony: Asperger’s Syndrome. A Guide For Parents and Professionals (Schmidt, Noémi)


ABSTRACTS

Bertalan, Regina
Problems for logopedics in assessment of developmental language disorders

Assessment of developmental language disorders have matters of principle and practical issues. Developing a unified classification system concerning language skills is an important task. Compiling an inventory of reliable tests is a necessity for therapy-relevant diagnostics. The early detection must be based on an extensive knowledge containing data about tipical language acquisition. The base of responsible logopedical work is the diagnostics done on professional level.

Keywords: developmental language disorders, logopedical diagnostics

 
Horváth Viktória – Gósy Mária
The effect of birth risk factor on language acquisition

Children’s first-language perception base takes shape gradually from birth onwards. Empirical research has confirmed that children may continue to fall short of age-based expectations due to not optimal birth circumstances. The question is whether the temporary birth problem (slight asphyxia) affects the speech perception development. A series of experiments was carried out with 45 Hungarian-speaking children (across the ages of 6 and 8) whose birth was not optimal (risk children) and another 45 age-matched control children. Data from four perception tasks – focusing on acoustic, phonetic, morpho-phonological and serial perception processes – and both sentence and text comprehension were analysed. Results revealed that there are significant differences between the risk and control children in all ages in the majority of the test results but not in all tests. The performance of sentence comprehension does not show any difference between groups across ages. There are large individual differences particularly among the risk children.

Keywords: language acquisition, speech perception, comprehension, not optimal birth circumstances, risk factor

 
Györkő, Enikő – Lábadi, Beatrix – Beke, Anna
Development of Spatial Language in High Risk Preterm Children

The aim of research is to determine relationship between the language development and the spatial representation in a sample of fullterm and very preterm (< 30 weeks gestational age, < 1500 g, without neurological symptoms) children seen at 3-, 4- and 5 years of age. We investigated the development of spatial language in a real size three-dimensional space, study of elicited production and comprehension of spatial terms (Questioned: Where? Where from? Where to?).

The results show poorer performance in the preterm group, both groups followed similar developmental trajectories, but the production of spatial relational terms are delayed in preterm children at age of 3-4 years and a special difficulty of SOURCE (Where from?) terms in both group.

Furthermore we found relationship between the comprehension of relational terms and the production of language development. A developmental delay can be found in preterm children in both the production of language of space and the infinitive suffix. This result will be explained in term of the language theory of space.

Keywords: linguistic representation, language of space, preterm, linguistic rules

 
Balázs, Boglárka
The organic phonation and speech disorders that can be cured with voice therapy too

The common feature of organic phonation and speech disorders is that in both cases voice pitch disorders produced by the children can be heard with the naked ear and in several cases articulation and respiratory disorders can be observed too. The term "organic" means that some kind of organic disorder results in the disorder of voice quality. These disorders can be diagnosed with a medical examination and in some cases they can also be abrogated by a medical treatment.

Naturally, in many cases, treatment is not as easy as described above since several times after the recovery phonation doesn't improve but rather worsens. As for the developmental anomalies, provided that the case is serious, the most important is that the child become viable and able to breathe and swallow. If the case is less serious early therapies can be used to improve speech development.

Fortunately, inflammatory diseases during childhood are rarely so serious as to endanger children's speech and phonation.

On the other hand, tumors – either benign or malignant – are becomeing more frequent and in these cases, beside the medical treatment, speech and language therapy is also extraordinarily important since children need years of rehabilitation in order to get along with their studies.

In cases of phonation disorders having muscular, neural or endocrine origin, speech and language therapy is the most important.

In the event of the growing number of traumatic diseases, following the life-saving intervention, it is necessary to improve phonation.

Keywords: dysphonia, dyslalia, papilloma, n.recurrens-paresis, rhinophonia


Fábián, Zsuzsanna
Of Language with Creating Function
The evolution of verbal communication ability and its behavioral effect

The study addresses a well-known yet so far less researched aspect of the spoken word, namely the effects and role of speech development on the adult personality, self-knowledge and self-awareness. For their behavior-modifying quality, the creating functions of the speech enhance both the personal (personality) and social integrity development of the self. Thus, speech-language pathology and therapy have indirect personality-shaping powers and require a more deliberate approach of the therapists accordingly. The study introduces aspects the knowledge of which can prove helpful during speech and vocal therapy for adult speech impairments. It maps out a beginning new research in the topic and finishes with a relevant case study.

Keywords: speech, speech development, self-evaluation and self-knowledge, speech pathology therapy, adults with speech impairments

 
Rácz, Katalin – F. Földi, Rita – Barthel, Betty
The Connection Between The Speach- and Motion Developement

In our research we examined the movement of 176 nursery school children on the basis of the motion test made out by Éva Marton Dévényi neurologist and her coworkers, which can be used for measuring the nervous system maturity. We asked a declaration of agreement from the parents, and they confirm their contribution filling in the enclosed anamnestic data form. Our research was derected towards analysing the status of the nursery school children. We could assess the datas altogether at 70 children with the average age of 5 year 10 month. The distribution according to their sexes was: 28 girls and 42 boys. We devided the participants into two groups along the speach davelopment’s characteristic by coding the anamnestic datas. The division into groups was happened by analising the national and internationl litterature. The normal development got number 1, and any other pathological process or deviation got number 2. We examined the differences closely between them. We was looking for the answer: in which aera of the movement the speach retarded children differ from the controll group? The achievement of the two groups was differ from eachoter in four tasks (toddler movement, jumping, laterality, upper and lower limb coordination) which are detemining factors of the nervous system maturity.

Keywords: speach developement, motion developement, motion coordination, laterality

 

Gombkötő, Andrea – Fehér, Ildikó – Gifló, Péter – Kovács, Zsuzsanna – Perjés, Beatrix – Simó, Judit – Vályi, Réka – Szauer, Csilla
Improving the quality of life of persons with ASD with the implementation of the National Strategy on Autism

Professionals in Hungary started to bring into focus the life of people with ASD and their families in the last decades. The experiences of the National Research on Autism squarely underpinned the necessity of a well coordinated and client - centered Strategy.

In this publication a short review is given on the service developments generated by the Hungarian National Autistic Society and the Public Foundation for the Equal Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities to promote the successful implementation of the Strategy.

Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, National Strategy on Autism, Strategic Working Group on Autism

 
Köböl, Erika – Topál, József
Work or play?
The role of therapy dogs in the therapeutic intervention for children with learning disabilities.

Different types of animal-assisted interventions (AAA, AAE and AAT) are increasingly used as methodological tools to develop children with learning disabilities. In the current review we propose that due to its special evolutionary prehistory dogs can participate as highly competent co-therapists in any type of these interventions. Although dog-assisted intervention can be an adequate solution to many of the problems raised during the elaboration of teaching techniques, this method is far from being universal. A major shortcoming of the animal-assisted therapy is that there is still no sufficient empirical information (experimental data) on the possible mechanisms mediating the therapeutic effects. We believe that the long term career of therapy dogs greatly depends on high quality research in this field – this is a pressing task of the immediate future.

Keywords: animal-assisted therapy, dog, learning disabilities, generative pedagogy

 
Papp, Gabriella – Perlusz, Andrea – Schiffer, Csilla – Szekeres, Ágota – Takács, István
Two roads ahead of me…?
Cooperation and competition for the education of special needs students between special education and general education classrooms

This paper presents the results of a study aiming at the exploration of the education of children with special educational needs from the perspective of special and general education classrooms. Research questions concerned the possible competition between special and general education classrooms for special education needs students, the characteristic features of institutional processes and their participants: the children with special educational needs, the teachers and the parents. Analysis of the interviews revealed important information on the cooperative and competitive procedures of schools, the strategies of the so-called "winner" schools, the goals and aspirations of the employees, and the motives of parental choices.

Keywords: cooperation, competition, children with special educational needs, integration, special education

 
Mrs. Sáringer Szilárd, Zsuzsanna
The effects of Wii-exergaming on the development of people with intellectual disabilities

The European Union pays special attention to the integration through sports of underprivileged people, especially those with disabilities. The Nice Declaration of December 2000 also emphasizes that for the physically or mentally disabled, the practice of physical and sporting activities provides a particularly favourable opening for the development of individual talent, rehabilitation, social integration and solidarity and, as such, should be encouraged. Education of children with disabilities to lead a healthy life is getting more and more emphasis. Wii-exergaming provides a new type of leisure-time activity for every age group and also for everyone living with a disability. The several years of research we have conducted into the effects of Wii-exergaming have shown that it has a beneficial, developmental effect; it helps to form the personality and to increase performance. Our work has proven that this new form of sports movement has a beneficial effect on those with intellectual disabilities, since if positively affects their psychological status, primarily improving their self-esteem and academic skills.

Keywords: Wii-console, leisure time activity, people with intellectual disabilities, sport movement, computer based games, integration
 

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