2015
2015/3

tartalom:

Table of Contents & Abstracts

 


SPECIAL ISSUE OF SOMATOPEDAGOGY
  • Foreword (Mlinkó, Renáta)
ORIGINAL PUBLICATIONS
  • Kullmann, Lajos: Possibilities of Team-Training in the Education of Teachers of Children with Special Needs
  • Vámos, Tibor – Berencsi, Andrea – Imanaka, Kuniyasu: Force Discrimination in Active Isometric Hand-Grip Force Production
  • Lénárt, Zoltán – Szemenyei, Eszter: Applicability of ICF Core Sets Developed for Children and Youth with Cerebral Palsy
  • Mlinkó, Renáta – Rózsa, Sándor – Vámos, Tibor: First Experiences of the Child Occupational Self-Assessment (COSA) in Hungary
  • Mrs. Tóth Kälbli, Katalin – Mrs. Fóti Hoffmann, Éva: The Somatopedagogyst's Role in Inclusive Physical Education
  • Márkus, Eszter – Vörös, Ferenc: The Situation of the Labour Market Demand for Special Needs Educators and Therapists with the Specialization of Physical Disabilities (2014–2015)
FROM WORKSHOPS OF PRACTICE
  • Lénárt, Zoltán – Molnár, Anett – Szemenyei, Eszter – Tapa, Gergely – Zahora, Nóra: Joint Path Finding to Testing and Monitoring Upper Limb Movements of Spastic Hemiplegic Students
  • Galambos, Katalin – Révész, Rita: The Role of the "Mozgásjavító" Elementary and Specialized Secondary School, Unified Special Education Methodology Centre and Students’ Residence as a Host Organization in the Process of the Community Service
BOOKS AND NOVELTY
  • Nádas, Pál: KorKép – A book that Speaks for Us (and also about Us) (Derera, Mihály)
OBSERVER
  • Somatopedagogy Professional Workshop (Klómer, Georgina)
  • "Unity of Theory and Practice in Somatopedagogy" – conference (Mlinkó, Renáta)
IN MEMORIAM
  • Zsoldos, János (1928–2015) (Nádas, Pál)


ABSTRACTS
 
Kullmann, Lajos
Possibilities of Team-Training in the Education of Teachers of Children with Special Needs

The target of special education are persons with disabilities at large throughout lifetime, its practice requires co-operation with representatives of other disciplines. The paper discusses key elements, operation, and most frequent operation failures of team-work based on regular literature survey and personal experience. Special emphasis is given to communication and the possible supporting role of The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in the communication of team-members. It gives an overview of team-training directions and practice in pedagogical profession, as well as team-simulation and practical training possibilities in sharp clinical conditions employed in health care. The conclusions point at the need of studies of so far unanswered further questions, and research of medium and long-term follow-up of effectiveness of team-training.

Keywords: team-work, communication, practice oriented training
 


Vámos, Tibor – Berencsi, Andrea – Imanaka, Kuniyasu
Force Discrimination in Active Isometric Hand-Grip Force Production

Applying appropriate amount of force during grasping is crucial to hand function. The aim was to find the discrimination threshold for an isometric hand grip force production task. In order to determine the discrimination threshold, the method of constant stimuli was applied. Two different force levels (the target forces) specified by the experimenter were presented successively within one experimental compare block, a standard and a comparison force level. The standard force was 14% of the maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of a subject and remained the same in each compare block during the experiment. The comparison forces ranged over a set of values from block to block and were 14 +/- 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 and 2.5% of the MVC. Discrimination threshold is obtained at the difference category, in which the proportion of the correct answers is 75%. In the present study this difference is approximately 2% of the MVC. Measurement method applied in the present experiment uses only one side of the body. Therefore it is applicable to participants with different muscle and sensory status on the two sides of the body e.g. in hemiparetic stroke and cerebral palsy.

Keywords: isometric force production, hand grip, discrimination threshold, fine motor, hand function, rehabilitation
 


Lénárt, Zoltán – Szemenyei, Eszter
Applicability of ICF Core Sets Developed for Children and Youth with Cerebral Palsy

The aim of this study is a short description and interpretation of journal articles of an international study, in the context of relevant Hungarian and international literature and practice. In addition, we report on our results of the first attempts to apply the Core Sets compiledby the international researchers’ team.

Keywords: ICF, the ICF-CY, cerebral palsy, core set
 


Mlinkó, Renáta – Rózsa, Sándor – Vámos, Tibor
First Experiences of the Child Occupational Self-Assessment (COSA) in Hungary

The Child Occupational Self-Assessment (COSA), a self-report of occupational competence and value for activities, may provide occupational therapists/special teachers with a greater understanding of children’s occupational competence and values. Our study investigated the psychometric properties of a Hungarian version of the COSA with 64 physically disabled children. Findings suggest that the Hungarian COSA has acceptable psychometric characteristics (reliability, validity and factor structure) when used by physically disabled children.Evidence suggests that most children’s responses to the COSA can be validly interpreted as indicators of occupational competence and value for everyday activities.

Keywords: Child Occupational Self-Assessment (COSA), Model of Human Occupation, Physically disabled children, Competences, Values
 


Mrs. Tóth Kälbli, Katalin – Mrs. Fóti Hoffmann, Éva 
The Somatopedagogyst's Role in Inclusive Physical Education

In Hungary, daily physical education was introduced on 1 September 2012, followed by the introduction of new National Curriculum that regulates the content of the physical education subject in 2013. As a result, the definition, the intention and the fundamental principle of quality phisical education has been identified. One of the features of quality phisical education is inclusiveness. The aim of our study is to present the role and tasks of the Somatopedagogyst (special education teacher, who works with people with physical disabilities) in this process, and to highlight the possibilities of cooperation with other professionals in order to ensure the inclusion, and implementation of quality physical education.

Keywords: quality physical education, inclusive physical education, adapted physical education, special education, somatopedagogy
 


Márkus, Eszter – Vörös, Ferenc
The Situation of the Labour Market Demand for Special Needs Educators and Therapists with the Specialization of Physical Disabilities (2014–2015)

This study is dealing with some special view-points of the demand and need for Special Educators and Therapists (Specialization Physical Disabilities) in the Hungarian public labour market, on the basis of selected results of a nation-wide research. The method of research has been not interviewing the Specialists themselves, but analysing data of public registered job-advertisements. The main questions of the research have been the next: which public sectors, what type of institutions and for what kind of special educational and therapeutic tasks are these advertisements searching for Special Needs Educators and Therapists (Physical Disabilities). The summary formulates some suggestions for the competences, contents of the training of the mentioned Specialists.

Keywords: Special Needs Education and Therapy (Physical Disabilities); Training of Special Needs Educators and Therapists (Specialization Physical Disabilities); demands and needs of the labour market
 


Lénárt, Zoltán – Molnár, Anett – Szemenyei, Eszter – Tapa, Gergely – Zahora, Nóra
Joint Path Finding to Testing and Monitoring Upper Limb Movements of Spastic Hemiplegic Students

Our team consists of students, teachers, researchers and special need educators for mobility impairments (somatopedagogyst) work together since 2014 to find more and more typical data from upper limb movements of children and young people with spastic cerebral palsy. A brief research report attacts the attention to the potential opportunities and benefits of professional collaboration.

Keywords: cerebral palsy, upper limb, cooperation
 


Galambos, Katalin – Révész, Rita
The Role of the "Mozgásjavító" Elementary and Specialized Secondary School, Unified Special Education Methodology Centre and Students’ Residence as a Host Organization in the Process of the Community Service

According to the current law of the Hungarian educational system before the application for the graduation exam 50 hours community service is required. Community service is a freely chosen option of the youth during the secondary education, according to their interests and values. The activity is serving the interests of a community with forming the students’ personality. The publication shows how a special education institution may start and can be involved as a host organization in this process.

Keywords: community service, special educational school, voluntary activity, social responsibility, attitude

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